The history of the Russian bath dates back to ancient times. More than 6,000 years ago, Egyptians used baths extensively, placing great importance on body cleansing. The ancient Romans had a private bathhouse. When they talked about it, they said to each other, "How do you sweat?" They did not just bathe in baths, they chatted, painted pictures, read poetry, sang, and feasted.
Steam bath in Russia (former Russian names: mylonia, movnya, vlaznya) Among the Slavs, V.-VI. It was known for centuries. Both the prince, the nobles, the people, everyone entered it. Apart from functional purposes only, the bath played an important role in various traditions.
1. Black bath.
2. White bath.
Burning in black is the oldest method. The cigarette burns without the smoke pipe, the smoke emerges from the open window of the steam room. The stone stove stops the burning when it is hot, the air is aired, the water is poured on the walls, then the windows and doors are covered and water is added to the stone so that the steam can form. Thanks to the smell that is the result of the effect of the smoke bath on the wood structure, there is a special air of such a bath. Until recently, this type of bath was most common in the villages. They have already called them 'village baths'.
The bath which was burned in black had the most positive effect on the health! Many scientists argue that the black bath is comparable to the sterility of the operating room in terms of sterility, as the bath penetrates all the slightest cracks in the smoke building while it is burned black and kills all bacteria, seeds and other microorganisms that cause diseases.
In this kind of bath, kamenka (stone stove) is found inside the brick sob. The smoke from Kamenka is evacuated through a pipe, where the atmosphere in the steam chamber is not polluted, the steam room does not have to be ventilated and the walls need not be washed. Such a bath is more hygienic and modern. Our country is totally widespread. Hammam building can be both wooden and stone. In this bath there are three rooms, steam room, washing room and rest room.
Many people think that entering the Russian bath is very easy. Sit in the steam room on the bench, sweat thoroughly, shoot yourself in the hammock and stay healthy! However, this process is not so simple.
There are many rules that, if not followed, can lead to harm to the person entering the hammock rather than to the health.
Preparatory phase: entering the washing room. Take a shower before entering the gym. As warm as water (36-38 ° C) warm up the body and prepare for higher temperatures. Do not wash with soap and sponges for now. Because the soap removes the oil layer from the skin, which is the role of protection layer. The hair will not get wet while showering. Otherwise you may experience hot steam in the steam room. In order to protect yourself, it is necessary to wear a special hammock with wool, cotton or ketchup.
The purpose of the first entry into the steam room is to get warm and to get used to thermal loads. In this phase, the broom is not used, but the broom takes the broom again to the steam room so that the broom is exposed to the steam effect. There is a calming effect on the nervous system of the fresh leaf smell that spreads to the center. You lie here and relax. In a short period of time the skin starts to flush, the heart to beat faster, the person begins to sweat. These are the signs that the body enters the adaptation process.
The second entry into the steam chamber is longer and takes about 10-15 minutes. During this time, people may not only be able to sweat but also feel the benefits of broom massage. Of course, two people would be more effective at entering the steam room. The person who is going to do the steam procedure will sit in the rafa, after which the second person starts the broom massage complex. The person performing the procedure shakes the broom on the side of the procedureer, pushes the broom into the waist, foot soles, shoulder blades of the person who saw the silker, the broom procedure under the ceiling of the steam chamber, slowly wipes the body with a broom. When the broom massage is finished, the raft does not suddenly disappear. You have to wait for two minutes and get up and get out of the steam room.
As we said, the bath visit includes 5-7 steam rooms. Both the temperature in the steam chamber and the time in the steam chamber can be increased each time the next time. You can have up to 20-25 minutes in the steam room.
- You should not eat much before entering the gym.
- You should not be hungry, so you should snack a little bit 1-1.5 hours before entering the hammam.
- If you want to be beneficial to health, forget the alcoholic beverages that day.
- You must wear a wool or flannel hat to prevent excessive brain heat.
Now it's time to talk about rest. Every time you get out of the steam room you need to relax and the rest of the time you are in the steam room will not be short. Those who like to enter the steam room since ancient times and those accustomed to this procedure prefer to use this time for contrast procedures. When they get out of the steam room, they jump into the water bottle, rub their bodies with snow or, at the very least, pour cold water like a wooden bathtub on their own.
A visit to a bath is certainly not merely a body wash procedure, but a ceremony with its own rules and traditions. Enter the gym and stay healthy!
In Belarus you can enter a real Russian bath with Nanosi's famous tourist complex. For more information Nanosi ethnic and cultural complex.